A contract worker is a person hired to perform a specific task at a particular rate of pay. These types of workers cannot be considered or added to the member of the staff of a company and are not entitled to retirement benefits. Employers usually require the services of a contract worker if the skill of such a worker is needed only for a short period. To become a contract worker, then you have to be an expert at a certain work and have vast years of experience in such a career. Unlike, a permanent employee, they have lesser opportunities to be exposed and trained in multiple disciplines. But, their exposure is not limited to a single business or company.
There are rights and obligations which usually guide the activities of both the employer and the contract worker. These sets of rules are known as contractual terms, one of the most common contractual terms is that the employee has the right to be paid for the work they have done. And the employer has the right to set out a fair set of tasks to be executed by the contractors. But, the employer is usually not responsible for the various welfare packages enjoyed by other permanent workers. In simple terms, a contractual cycle is completed after a task is completed and fully paid for by the employer.
There are two categories of employment available in the software development career. A software programmer can either be a contract staff or a permanent staff, to become an expert, a programmer should at one time in their career try both. As a fresh graduate with little or no experience, it is better to seek permanent employment. This allows the fresh graduates to train on the job, and become better in their careers. The pressure associated with permanent employment is lesser compared to contract employment. So, full-time employment gives the inexperienced employee ability to learn and develops into an expert software developer.
After, working for some years as a full-time staff, and the developer has gained enough skill, then such a person can become a contract programmer. To become a part-time developer, such a person is expected to be an expert, and have gained useful experience. Such a person requires less supervision and is expected to have gained vast knowledge in the career. It is easier to get a full-time job as a software engineer compared to a part-time job. To start a contract work as a software engineer one needs to do thorough research and be sure that such skill is in demand. After the research, the next is to search for a contract job, usually, this is done online.
To easily get a profitable contract the developer needs to compile a resume detailing past experiences. This resume will state all the past jobs, challenges, and how they were skilfully solved. After a prospective client has fully gone through the resume, they can decide to offer a contract. There are three types of contract these are Agency, Independent, and freelance they are differentiated by their mode of job execution. But, in general, they have an underlining contractual agreement between the client and the contractor.
The Agency software developer contractors are engineers that do not work directly for the client. In this type of arrangement, an agency acts as a middle man between the clients and the contractors. So, the agent company helps to search for clients, after getting the job, they then contract it to an engineer. This type of arrangement can be exploitative because the agency can hire developers and bill the client 100 times what they pay the software developers. When a software engineer works for an agent, the contractual terms and conditions are between the agent and the software designer.
Independent software developers are engineers that work for a single customer, it can either be directly or through an agent. But, in contrast to the agency job, the contractor operates as a private business. In this type of system, the contractor has a legal entity, with this entity the business owner can get contracts from a customer or agent. With this type of arrangement, the software engineer is not in the payroll of the middle man. So, the engineer can charge according to the worth of a particular task and will be responsible for the overall overhead cost.
A freelancer is a software engineer that works for several customers and takes multiple small jobs from different customers. This type of contracting means the engineer will fully run the business on their own. They will be responsible for searching for customers and be responsible for the whole overhead cost. The freelancer is responsible for setting up the terms and conditions for the business. Freelancers also take care of the invoicing and pricing of a particular job and the time frame to execute the job. Freelancing is the most profitable out of the three arrangements but, it is probably the hardest option to start but, with a good marketing ability, success is sure.
There are some disadvantages to working as a software designer contractor, and it also has its advantages too. The disadvantages include inconsistency of job inflow which causes financial instability. If a designer is not a good negotiator then such a person might not be compensated fairly for the job. As a starter, it might prove very difficult to get jobs, the best way to find a job might be through friends and family. One of the biggest disadvantages of the contract job is that one will not have the opportunity for guidance. And there is no supervisor to correct the mistakes made, so no chance for professional growth.
The advantages of being a contractor are numerous, some of them include the freedom and ability to accept or reject a particular project. A designer has the freedom to choose the location to execute the project. Almost all software development contracting projects are remote so, the designer can decide to stay in a cheap area while executing a lucrative project. Contracting gives a software programmer the ability to choose their working hours and when to start and close from a project. As an independent programmer, you can choose who to work with or who to select as teammates.